Archana Singh-Manoux

The Project

Determinants of health inequalities in ageing populations: evidence from the French Gazel and British Whitehall II cohort studies.


Archana Singh-Manoux
Paris, France




After graduating with a B.A.(Hons) in Psychology from the University of Delhi, India, in 1988, Archana Singh-Manoux, 38 years old, obtained her Ph.D in Psychology in 1998 from the University of Paris X. She started work as a post-doctoral Research Fellow at the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, in 2000. Her main interests are elucidating the mechanisms by which social and cultural context influence human health and behaviour. A French citizen, Singh-Manoux is widely published with more than 20 articles in scientific journals. Currently she is Chargée de Recherche at INSERM (Unit 687), Paris, and Senior Research Fellow Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, England.



Project Description

The main objective of this project is to undertake work on the determinants of ageing between two very well established cohort studies: the French Gazel study and the British Whitehall II study.

The project's aims are:

  1. Health inequalities in early old age: comparative analyses (on existing data) of predictors and mechanisms.
  • The relative importance of different measures of socioeconomic position (SEP) across the lifecourse in predicting health in early old age.
  • The impact of social mobility on psychosocial characteristics and health behaviours.
  • Mental health in early old age: the role played by SEP, gender, life events, and social engagement (social network, leisure activities, family roles).
  • Retirement: consequences on health behaviours, 'social engagement', mental health and functioning.
  • Personality, health, and ageing: does socioeconomic position matter?
  • Comorbidity/clustering of diseases: social patterning and causal explanations.
  • Determine the causes, acting through the lifecourse, of declines in function in an ageing population.
  • Gender paradox: high morbidity and low mortality among women: evidence from the two cohorts.
  1. Collection of two waves of data on cognitive function in the Gazel cohort; AND analysis on baseline cognitive data.
  2. Facilitate European level scientific exchange on determinants of ageing through the Four-Centres-Initiative.