• School on 'Conceptual Issues in Stress Research', Erice, Italy, 1-6 November 2011, organised by Professor J. Koolhaas, Professor E. Fuchs and Professor A. Sgoifo

  • Symposium on 'Stress and Mental Health', Umea, Sweden, 21 June 2011, organised by Professor Ron de Kloet and Professor Olsson

  • Symposium on 'Mismatch Hypothesis of Psychiatric Disease', Groningen, The Netherlands, 11-13 May 2011, organised by Dr. Esther Nederhof, Professor Johannes Ormel and Professor Ron de Kloet

  • Symposium on '(Early) life stress, brain development and ageing: The use of different methods in measuring cognition and brain function throughout life', Tilburg, The Netherlands, 2 March 2011, organised by Professor Bea Van den Bergh and Professor Katri Raïkkönen

  • Short-term visit awarded to Odilia Laceulle, PhD student of Professor Johannes Ormel, to visit Professor Vivette Glover's laboratory, London, UK, February 2011



  • EuroSTRESS at the PENS Summer School, Rhodes, Greece, 6-13 September 2009,
    organisers: Professor Ronald de Kloet, Professor Efi Kitraki, Dr. Danielle Champagne and Dr. Onno Meijer

It has been known for some time that experience-related factors and cognitive inputs have a lasting impact on brain function and behaviour. In recent years, however, the underlying mechanisms have become much better understood. Exciting new evidence demonstrates that genetic inputs can be modified and that stress hormones powering the lasting infl uence of the environment are extremely important for this purpose. The PENS Summer School focused on the mechanism underlying the programming effects of early experience on brain circuitry, which underlies emotional and cognitive processes in coping with stress during the lifespan.

This Summer School on ‘Neurodevelopment Programming and Phenotypic Plasticity: Implications for Stress, Ageing and Health’ was chaired by EuroSTRESS Project Leader Professor de Kloet (Leiden University, The Netherlands). The School was co-sponsored by ESF, the EU-Lifespan consortium, the Programme of European Neuroscience Schools (PENS) and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.

The objective was to train 40 PhD students and young post-docs in concepts from gene and neural circuitry to neuroendocrine regulation and behaviour with a translational perspective. The School was of great interest to EuroSTRESS members who presented their work, as “mechanism” was the original basis of the EuroSTRESS Programme.

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